Article Published In Vol.2,No.3

Energy Efficient Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network

Author : Joni Birla, and Basant Sah

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In last few years there has been significant growth in the area of wireless communication. Quality of Service (QoS) has become an important consideration for supporting variety of applications that utilize the network resources. These applications include voice over IP, multimedia services like video streaming, video conferencing etc.. This paper aims on energy efficient routing protocols as implemented by Ad-hoc networks. In real life we use voice call, video streaming which are set up through Wireless Sensor Network. We use many parameters for quality of service and these are: throughput, packet loss, average jitter and average delay. WSN is the part of Adhoc Network in which we don’t have intelligent nodes. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are self-organizing, infrastructure less and multi-hop packet forwarding networks. Energy efficient routing protocols take less energy than other protocols.

Keywords: Improvement over WSN, Protocols in Ad-hoc Network, Characteristics of WSN, LEACH, GAF, DEED